VisionMD

The site for all things eye-related

Red eyes in photographs

red eyeThe other day someone asked me what causes eyes to appear red in some pictures. This usually happens at night or indoors when one’s pupils are more dilated than usual.

The light of the flash on most cameras is usually located only a few inches away from the camera lens. When the flash goes off, light goes straight into the pupil and gets reflected off the back of the eye, and straight in to the camera lens. The effect is magnified with dilated pupils–that’s why “red eye” mode of cameras involve a pre-flash before the main flash: so pupils become smaller before the real picture is taken and the red eyes are minimized.

Why red?

As flash light enters the eye, it is reflected back into the camera lens. The retina (nerve tissue in the back of the eye) is essentially transparent, but the underlying choroid has pigment and a lot of blood vessels. It’s the choroidal blood that gives the reflected light coming out of the eye its reddish hue.

Other ways to minimize red eye

Besides using the red eye mode of your camera’s flash. Reducing red eye can be accomplished by using physics. If red eye is caused by the flash light being sent in a straight line into the eye and then directly reflected back out, it can be decreased by having the flash source away from the camera lens. Angled light going into the pupil will be reflected out at an angle, so less of it will hit your camera’s lens. Consider using a detached flash unit located several feet away from the subject you are shooting, or reflecting the flash off the ceiling.

Does anyone else have any tips for eliminating red eye in photographs?

.

(Photo credit: freedigitalphotos.net)

Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

Information

This entry was posted on December 28, 2012 by in The Eye, Visual Events and tagged , , , , , , .

Join 1,450 other followers

Blog Stats

  • 188,971 hits

Twitter

%d bloggers like this: